Are Writers Part of the Parasocial Economy?

Cyberbits #9: How online writing is converging with internet influencing

Welcome to another edition of Cyberbits—a bi-weekly column on all things internet culture, from TikTok trends to random corners of Reddits to secret online subcultures. I send out Cyberbits in between working on longer essays.

What I Wrote This Week

Yesterday, I published a long-form piece on The Blurred Lines of Parasocial Relationships. I dove into the phenomenon of these one-sided relationships between fans and entertainers that were first described by Donald Horton and Richard Wohl in 1956:

“The interaction, characteristically, is one-sided, nondialectical, controlled by the performer, and not susceptible of mutual development.”

Since then, this dynamic has only become more pronounced and widespread with the rise of reality television and the rise of the internet influencer that followed. Both primed us to expect and even demand intimacy—personal stories, private confessions, embarrassing stories—as entertainment. 

For online creators, sharing intimate life details is now part of the job description, creating closeness with strangers. But social media has changed parasocial relationships in a key way: more and more, creators are reciprocating—responding to comments on Instagram, stitching TikToks from fans, and sharing shoutouts on live streams. This, and the eagerness of platforms to commoditize parasocial relationships for cash, has led to a disappearing divide between “fans” and “friends”. 

Read the article in full for a deep dive into these virtual relationships, how social media platforms like YouTube, TikTok, Twitch, and OnlyFans are helping deepen them, and the consequences for both creators and their fans. 

For Members

Learn more

This post is for
paying subscribers

Subscribe →

Or, login.

Read this next:

Cybernaut

Introducing: Cybernaut

A newsletter about internet culture by Fadeke Adegbuyi

14 Apr 21, 2021 by Fadeke Adegbuyi

Cybernaut

The Anti-Fan Phenomenon

Inside the online communities where people love to hate

15 Aug 31, 2021 by Fadeke Adegbuyi

Cybernaut

Caught in the Study Web

Exploring Gen Z’s Ambitious and Anxiety-Fuelled Pursuit of Straight A’s Across YouTube, TikTok, Discord, and Twitter

122 May 24, 2021 by Fadeke Adegbuyi

Cybernaut

The Anti-Fan Phenomenon

Inside the online communities where people love to hate

15 Aug 31, 2021 by Fadeke Adegbuyi

Free Radicals

Kim Roxie: What I don’t know is the future

The Houston-based entrepreneur transformed her company from a brick and mortar business into a beautytech brand with the potential to go global by embracing the unknown.

2 Aug 14, 2021 by Sherrell Dorsey and Annaliese Griffin